изделие 9-12, МиГ-29 ■ product 9-12, MiG-29
изделие 9-13, МиГ-29 ■ product 9-13, MiG-29
изделие 9-51, МиГ-29УБ ■ product 9-51, MiG-29UB
изделие 9-13C, МиГ-29C ■ product 9-13S, MiG-29S
Product 9-12, MiG-29
MiG-29 it's a front-line fighter, designed in seventies to cooperate with a bigger air-superiority fighter Sukhoi Su-27, in a military programme called LFI, Light Front-line Fighter. In Mikoyan design bureau obtain a designation 9-12, first flight of the prototype 9-12-1: 6th October 1977 with Alexandyer Fyedotov in controls.
"Fathers" of the MiG-29 are: Mikoyan Design Bureau head Rostislav Byelyakov and the main designer A. A. Chumachyenko, later Mikhail Waldenberg and Valeriy Novikov.
There were 19 prototypes built since 1977 and 6 pre-production aircrafts, in total 25 airframes were used to tests, numbers are from #01 to #25.
Product 9-12 is first variant of serial MiG-29, produced for USSR air force between 1982 and 1986, serial production under factory designation "5" in Lukhovitsy near Moskow (MAPO MiG), in military service since June 1983. MiG-29 (9-12A) was produced for export between 1986 and 1990, for Warsaw Pact countries* (MiG-29A) and non-Warsaw Pact countries (MiG-29B). Export variants have deprecated possibilities.
1988: Syria, North Korea, German Democratic Republic, Iraq
1989: Czechoslovakia, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania
1990: Iran, Cuba
* between WP countries only Hungary not bought MiG-29 from USSR.
MiG-29 (9-12) is in Soviet Air Force since 1993, first 9-12 of the early production serie landed in Kubinka (234th IAP) 30th June of the year 1983, even before state certificate of type was issued for the MiG-29! It's certainly not the MiG-29 that we know, with its smaller rudders, no overwings chaff/flares dispensers, small ventral fins below the stabilizers, different mudguard and totally different camouflage (green-darkgreen-sand-cinnamon and lightblue). Later aircrafts of early series were delivered to Black-Sea regiments (and probably even upgraded to the common 9-12 standard and repainted). After the end of the USSR inherited by Moldova and Ukraine.
Very early MiG-29 9-12, in fact second serial MiG-29 is Soviet Air Force, Kubinka 1983. Camouflage on that MiGs were very similar on at least nine aircrafts (#01 - #09) delivered in 1983, probably three colours: green, brown (cinnamon) and sand, maybe fourth colour: lightgreen (green is dominant). A kind of the remembrance of that camouflage will be later a Czechoslovakian and East German MiGs in the years between 1988 and 1989. Drawing accuracy: very approximated colours and shapes, due to lack of photos.
MiG-29 9-13 in 4-tone camouflage. That kind of camouflage wasn't much popular, because MiGs-29 were painted in standard schema, but to at least one regiment MiGs were delivered from factory in four-tone camouflage with dominant cinnamon or sand (plus green and a little bit of darkgreen). It was the 115th GvIAP, in Кокайды (Kokaydi), Uzbekistan, not so far from Termez. Two squadrons of the regiment, previously equipped with MiG-21bis, were named "Moskva" (Moskov) and "Sovietskaya Litva" (Soviet Lithuania). Aircraft #08 was presented in 1992 during Mosaeroshow. When Soviet Union splits, regiment was renamed to 61st IAP, its aircrafts in Kokaydi were inherited by Uzbekistan, and used up to day. Drawing accuracy: 100%, area between fins is unknown.
Product 9-51, MiG-29UB
A trainer version of the MiG-29 without radar, instead with simply radiolocator and infra-red searching and targeting system IRST (can launch only R-73 missiles) was designed few years later, prototype 9-51-1 was rebuilt from serial 9-12, first flight 29th April 1981 with A. G. Fastoviets on controls. Mikoyan's designation is 9-51, serial MiG-29UB, in production since 1985 in GAPOiSO in Gorki (now Nizhniy Novgorod, "Sokol" plant) under factory designation "30" . In first years, when there's no MiG's-29 trainer version, in that role the MiG-23UB was used.
Serial MiG-29UB 9-51 in standard camouflage, significantly different than MiG-29's: usually 5-6 greygreenish stripes on upper surfaces and one blotch around canopy. Drawing accuracy: it's only a schema of the camouflage.
MiG-29 in service
Firsts serial MiG-29 were delivered to Soviet air force in 1983 to 234th IAP in Kubinka, 968th IAP in Ross, Belarus, 145th in Ivano-Frankovsk, Ukraine, and 92nd IAP in Mukachevo and in next years to 25 regiments in total, that means more than 900 MiGs of all variants 9-12, 9-13 and 9-51.
Soviet regiments between 1983 and 1992 equipped with MiG-29 9-12:
18th TsBP, Красноводск (Krasnovodsk)
53rd GvIAP, Шауляй (Shaulyai)
86th GvMIAP, Маркулешты (Markuleshty)
91st IIAP, Липецк (Lipyetsk)
92nd IAP, Мукачево (Mukachevo)
100th IKIAP, Саки-4 (Saki-4)
115th GvIAP, Кокайды (Kokaydi)
145th IAP, Ивано-Франковск (Ivano-Frankovsk)
176th IAP, Миха-Цхакая (Mikha Tskhakaya)
234th IAP, Кубинка (Kubinka)
404th IAP, Орловка (Orlovka)
715th UAP, Луговая (Lugovaya)
760th IIAP, Липецк-2 (Lipyetsk-2)
927th APIB, Береза-Картусская (Byeryeza-Kartusskaya)
968th IAP, Россь (Ross)
1521st AB/TsBP, Мары-1 (Mary-1)
Russian regiments between 1994 and 2000 equipped with MiG-29:
28th GvIAP, Андреаполь (Andreapol)
31st GvIAP, Зерноград (Zernograd)
35th IAP, Жердевка (Zhyerdyevka)
73rd GvIAP, Шайковка (Shaykovka)
116th UTsBP, Астрахань (Astrakhan)
120th GvIAP, Домна (Domna)
160th UAP KVVAUL, Борисоглебск (Borisoglebsk)
237th TsPAT, Кубинка (Kubinka)
267th LITs, Ахтубинск (Akhtubinsk)
343rd IIAP, Багай-Барановка (Сенная) (Bagay-Baranovka, Syennaya)
404th GvIAP, Орловка (Orlovka)
EVVAUL, Ейск (Yeysk)
797th UAP KVVAUL, Кущевская (Kushchyevskaya)
871st IAP, Смоленск-Северный (Smolensk North)
960th IAP, Приморско-Ахтарск (Primorsko-Akhtarsk)
968th IISAP, Липецк-2 (Lipyetsk-2)
Basic standard camouflage of the serial MiG-29 9-12. Only few MiGs-29 in 1983 have green-cinnamon camouflage, because for new fighter was designed a special painting schema with grey background and greybluegreen blotches on upper surfaces, applied on all serial MiGs. Shapes were slightly modified on each aircraft; the basic camouflage have a variants (esp. for export). A "Guard" badge is painted in guardian regiments as standard. Bort numbers could be red, white, yellow, orange, lightblue or blue with white, yellow, blue or red outlines, each regiment distinguished itself by that colours. Drawing accuracy: it's only a schema of the camouflage and markings.
MiG-29 9-12 early production series, Soviet Navy. Early MiGs in 1983 were distinctly different from serial MiG-29 9-12. Only about 60 MiGs were used by the aviation of the "Военно-Морсkий Флоt CCCP" (Soviet Navy), primarily in 100th IKIAP in Saki-4, later in 86th IAP in Markuleshty, Moldova, and 161st IAP in Novo-Fyedorovka [Limanskoye], Crimea, Ukraine. Bort codes #90 #91 #92 # 93 and #94 are very rare used for MiG-29 in first, second or third squadron of the regiment! Drawing accuracy: 100%, but it's only from one side.
In Soviet Socialists Turkmen Republic there'e was the TsBP центр боевого применения (Centre of the Combat Preparation). The 1521th Air Base in Мары-1 (Mary-1) gets the MiGs-29 to replace MiG-23MLD relatively late in eighties and from another units. Althrough soon unit was disbanded, it's remarkable because it plays a role of "Agressors" on air exercises. Aircrafts of the two squadrons gets full set of special markings.
Early series production MiG-29 9-12 in a role of an "Agressor", Air Base Mary-1, about 1991. Aircraft from 2nd Squadron: white canopy cover, hornet, shark's mouth, and even US-Navy-style letters "AM" (for Aviabaza Mary). Drawing accuracy: I'm not sure of the colours of the air base badge (damned black-and-white photos).
Standard camouflage patterns
Standard camouflage of the serial MiG-29 9-12.
Standard camouflage of the serial MiG-29 9-12. Variant.
Standard camouflage of the serial MiG-29 9-13.
Four-tone camouflage of the serial MiG-29.
Product 9-13, MiG-29
Standard camouflage of the serial MiG-29 9-13. Markings and emblems were the same as on 9-12. Note: looks that in Sovier sir forces that type of camouflage was used not only on 9-13, but also on exported 9-12 (Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, India, Yugoslavia). Drawing accuracy: it's only a schema of the camouflage and markings.
Second version of MiG-29 is product 9-13 (factory designation "7") with enlarged back, when additional fuel tank is installed and L203 "Gardenia-1" jamming station (the pattern for serial production was MiG-29 1616 bort numer #26, after upgrade first flight in January 1987). Main target for the modification was a greater operational radius. In production between 1986 and 1991 in Lukhovitsy. Improved radar, avionics and possibilities to carry two external PTB-1150 fuel tanks under wings. New aircrafts were at first delivered to units in Soviet forces in Germany. Product 9-13 wasn't exported (except to North-Korea in 1989).
Despite that MiG-29 has limited air-to-ground attack possibilites, the aircraft was used by fighter-bomber aviation. One regiment in Odessa air army, 642nd APIB in Voznyeyensk Мартыновка (Martinovka), and second 927th APIB regiment in Береза (Byeryeza), Belarus. To perform a fighter-bomber aviation tasks, aircraft use bombs weight 50-500 kg, gun and unguided rockets S-8. Aircrafts 9-13 in Martinovka were painted in 4-tone camouflage schema (green-lightgreen-cinnamon-sand), and were delivered from Lukhovitsy factory (few on them were in 1989 shifted to Markuleshty). It was a sole regiment in USSR where performs certificated fighter-bomber training of the airmen in MiG-29.
Product 9-13S, MiG-29S
Third main version of MiG-29 is MiG-29S, not in mass production. When in 1986 A. Tolkachov from "Fazotron" revealed a secrets of Soviets radars, new version are developed - MiG-31B and MiG-29S (nobody known what means "S" in the designation). New MiG was based on 9-13 airframe (9-13S, no visual differences with MiG-29 9-13) with radar N019 "Topaz-M", armament system RLPK-29M, computer C-101M. Aircraft can launch new missiles R-77 with active radio-location head and new versions of the R-27 missiles (R-27T, R-27RE/TE).
Production since 1994 is only about 40-50 aircrafts, from which less than 20 are delivered to Russian Air Force (4th CBPiPLS in Lipyetsk and 73rd GvIAP, Shaykovka), the another were exported or converted into various prototypes (MiG-29SD, -SE, SM and so on).
Its design and export variants story is a little complicated and I hope I can described it soon.
How many MiG-29
According to RSK "MiG" informations, in total were built 1600 MiGs-29 all variants, 60 percent of them it was MiG-29 9-13 (someone tell me just recently that were built 620 x 9-12, 512 x 9-13 and 197 x 9-51, it's only 1429, bot maybe it's a correct amount!
700 in Air Force of the USSR (incl. Soviet units in GDR, Hungary and CSRS)
64 in Soviet Navy Aviation (86th IAP, Markuleshty, 161st IAP, Novo-Fyedorovka)
200 in Ukraine
50 in Belarus
36 in Georgia (176th IAP, Mikha Tskhakaya)
Total: about 1050
After USSR collapse, between 1992 and 1994 MiGs from Georgia and three Group of Forces returned to Russia (except 787th Regiment from Finow which return to Belarus) but Moldova, Belarus, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan inherited MiGs from its territories. Kazakhstan gets MiGs in 1995 via Kirgistan, from 715th IAP in Lyugovaya.
In about 1995:
Belarus: more than 80 (787th IAP, Finow, 927th APIB, Byeryeza)
Kazakhstan: 36 (715th UAP, Lyugovaya, Kirgistan)
Uzbekistan: 36 (115th IAP, Kokaydi)
Moldova: 33 (86th GvMIAP, Markuleshty)
Turkmenistan: 22 (67th IAP, Mary-2)
So, the Soviet legacy in Russia is 626 MiGs-29, of course all above amounts are very approximated..
290 in Russia flightworthy or not plus more than 200 in reserve bases.
But return to amount of MiGs. From all that were built at least 370 were exported to India, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Cuba, Hungary, Iran, North Korea, Malaysia, Poland, Syria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Germany, Iraq and Romania. 1429 - 370 = 1059, plus some unfinished aircrafts in Lukhovitsy and Gorki plants, in various stages of assembly - some of them were later sold, in nineties (Bangladesh, Burma for example) and even later (Algerian SMTs!).